Professor Hideki Narita

Area and Subject Taught Criminal Procedure
Research Theme(s) Investigation and Security of Privacy
Academic Degrees Master of Laws
Keywords for Research Field Searches and Seizures, Administrative searches and seizures, Inspection of Vessels, Privacy, Electronic Investigation
Office Phone Number Not Public

Research Overview

Article 33 and 35 of the Constitution of Japan provides that the right of all persons to be secure in their persons, homes, papers and effects against entries, searches and seizures shall not be impaired. As persons, homes, papers and effects are tangible, the act of physically taking and removing tangible personal property is traditionally a seizure. Under this traditional approach, eavesdropping or recording of conversations may not constitute a seizure of conversation, because it is intangibles.
But now that we have developed new technology like telephone, email and computers, we should provide the new approach that there is a twofold requirement, first that a person have exhibited an subjective(actual) expectation of privacy, second, that the expectation be one that society is prepared to recognize as "objective"(reasonable). In my research, I am pursuing the jurisprudence and the rules that strike a balance between the right to privacy and the public interests of investigating the offences.

Notable Publications and Works

  1. 井出良、川出敏裕、高橋則夫、只木誠、山口厚編『新時代の刑事法学—椎橋隆幸先生古期記念(上巻)』(平成28年 信山社)
  2. 椎橋隆幸編『米国刑事判例の動向V 第8修正関係 死刑』(平成28年 中央大学出版会)
  3. 渥美東洋・椎橋隆幸編『刑事訴訟法基本判例解説』(平成24年 信山社)
  4. 椎橋隆幸編『プライマリー刑事訴訟法(第4版)』(平成24年 不磨書房)
  5. 椎橋隆幸編『基本問題刑事訴訟法』(平成12年 酒井書店)
  6. 渥美東洋編『米国刑事判例の動向II』(平成1年 中央大学出版部)
  7. Entry for inspection in ships in terms of Privacy and Border Search, 47-3 KEIHOZASSHI (JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW) 13 (2008)(in Japanese)
  8. Border Searches of Vehicles and the Expectation of Privacy, 40-3・4 SANDAIHOGAKU (SANDAI LAW REVIEW) 112 (2007) (in Japanese)
  9. Border Searches and Privacy, 112-1・2 HOGAKU SHIMPO(THE CHUO LAW REVIEW) 163 (2005) (in Japanese)
  10. Electronic Investigation and Privacy, 45-1 KEIHO ZASSHI (JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW) 142 (2005) (in Japanese)
  11. Investigation and Protection of Privacy,6-4 GENDAIKEIJIHO (MODERNCRIMINAL LAW REVIEW) 34 (2004) (in Japanese)
  12. Inspection under Fishing Law and Article35 of the Constitution of Japan, 1KAIJYOHOAN TO GYOGYO (MARITIME SAFTY AND FISHING) 233 (2000)(in Japanese)
  13. Administrative Search and Objective Expectation of Privacy - Development of CaseLaw in the United States and Analysis, 70 KAIJYOHOAN DAIGAKKO KENKYU KIYO (REPORT OF JAPAN MARITIME SAFETY ACADEMY) 53 (1999) (in Japanese)