Professor Mitsuru Kobayashi

Area and Subject Taught Italian, Italian Literature
Research Theme(s) Galileo Galilei as seen from the Perspective of Italian Linguistic and Literary History
Academic Degrees Master of Literature, Kyoto University
Keywords for Research Field Italian, Italian Literature, Galileo
Office Phone Number Not Public
e-mail Not Public

Research Overview

One of the most pronounced characteristics of Galileo Galilei's prose is the way it skillfully draws readers in, involves them in the discussion and eventually convincing them of the writer's point. These "techniques of persuasion" were built up over the course of countless academic controversies on subjects ranging from physics to astronomy (including controversies over Biblical interpretation), and underwent a major shift between two of his works, The Assayer and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems. My present work is concerned with clarifying the following points,among others: How exactly did Galileo hone his "techniques of persuasion" through numerous real-life debates, and what are the characteristics of these techniques? What kind of changes took place when he switched to a back-and-forth conversational format,and what background lay behind these changes? How should we view his "techniques of persuasion" in terms of the Italian language of the time, particularly regarding its relationship to the Baroque? Is there a connection between the abovementioned shift in Galileo's method and the growth of the Baroque? This research deals not only with Galileo's field of natural science, but also with Baroque poets such as Marino and theorists of Baroque literature such as Tesauro.

Notable Publications and Works

  1. La lingua di Galileo, in L'italiano tra scienza, arte e tecnologia, Istituto Italiano di Cultura-Tokyo, 2010. ガリレオの科学的散文の持っている特徴を文体や語彙など様々なレベルから分析した。
  2. 『ガリレオの学術論争における「説得の技術」の変容およびバロック期の言語表現との関係』、2008年、平成16 年度─平成19 年度科学研究費補助金(基盤研究C)研究成果報告書。特に「カステッリ宛の書簡」の分析とバロック期の感覚主義についての考察を行なった。
  3. 『ガリレオ・ガリレイの言語戦略の研究―2つの対話作品を中心として―』、2004年、平成13年度-平成15 年度科学研究費補助金(基盤研究C)研究成果報告書。特に『プトレマイオスとコペルニクスの世界の二大体系についての対話』を中心にガリレオの言語戦略を分析するための手がかりのいくつかを提示した。
  4. 「ガリレオのルッヅァンテ体験」、1999年、《日伊文化研究》第37号、日伊協会発行。ガリレオと劇作家ルッヅァンテの関係について論じることで、彼の言語表現と言語思想の形成過程の一端を明らかにした。